Intravaginal shoots sometimes present. Lower bract 4–40 cm long, including sheath 1.5–2.5 (–4) cm. Inflorescence 6–25 × 2.5–6 cm, usually elongated, sometimes conspicuously bipartite, with 50–400 heads. Heads 3–6 (–10)-flowered. Most flowers hermaphrodite, rarely some functionally female. Tepals 2.2–2.8 (–3.3) mm long. Stamens 6 (rarely 3), rarely in some flowers all rudimentary; anthers 0.7–1.2 mm long, 1.3–2.5 times as long as filaments; style 0.25–0.5 mm long; stigmas c. 1.5 mm long. Capsule 2–2.5 mm long, equalling or exceeding tepals by up to 0.5 mm, trigono-ellipsoidal, acute to obtuse, glossy castaneous, trilocular with distinct placental wings centrally; mucro up to 0.3 mm long; seeds usually 15–20 (–25). Seeds dark brown with one blackish blunter end, 0.6–0.8 (–0.9) mm long, or 0.7–1.0 mm long including appendages, 0.3–0.4 mm broad, ellipsoidal to obliquely ovoid, (20–) 25–30-striate, with transverse striae inconspicuous; appendages small, unequal. Fig. 45.