Perennials, ±densely caespitose; rhizome shor t; stolons absent. Basal leaves densely ciliate to subglabrous, 2.5–4.0 (–6.0) mm wide; cauline leaves 1–3 (–4), with densely papillose-serrulate margins. Lower bract leaf-like, usually longer than or equalling inflorescence (less often shorter). Inflorescence usually composed of pedunculate clusters, or less often clusters subcongested; peduncles smooth or papillose. Bracteoles scarious, to 2 mm long, subentire to ciliate-fimbriate. Tepals ±equal to subequal, acuminate to subaristate, 2.4–3.5 (–3.9) mm long, straw, straw-brown, castaneous-brown to dark brown, rarely blackish, usually with a distinct paler margin. Stamens 6; anthers usually 0.6–1.0 (–1.4) mm long, anther/filament ratio usually 1.0–1.5 (–2.5); style 0.3–0.7 (–0.8) mm long; stigmas early deciduous, 1.1–2.0 (–3.1) mm long. Capsule obovoid, smooth, shorter to slightly longer than perianth, pale brownish to dark brown; capsule segments 1.9–2.8 mm long. Seeds oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid-ovoid, 0.8–1.2 mm long, 0.6–0.9 mm wide; appendage 0.2–0.4 (–0.5) mm long.