T: Plantae Syriae borealis ex Amano occidentali supra Arsus, supra Ursusa pagum [Turkey, Hatay, Arsuz], 2 Jun 1862, C.G.T.Kotschy 102; lecto: Z, fide S.Snogerup, in P.H.Davis, Fl. Turkey 9: 19 (1986); iso: BM, K, L, P, W [One of four isotype specimens from W bears a note in Buchenau's hand: 'An excellent new species' [translated], and should be given preference].
Perennials, 30–40 (–50) cm tall, loosely caespitose, robust; rhizome creeping, branched, with internodes 1–3 cm long, c. 3 mm in diam.; sterile shoots/stolons short. Stem erect or ascending, compressed. Cataphylls c. 1–3, to 5–8 cm long, with base brownish-purplish. Cauline leaves 3–6, dense, usually to 10–13 cm long, flat to V-shaped, (2.5–) 4.0–6.0 (–8.0) mm wide; margins smooth; apex acute. Lower bract leaf-like, c. 1–3 cm long, shorter than inflorescence. Inflorescence decompound, sometimes supra-decompound, much branched, anthelate; branches erecto-patent, diffuse, of numerous 2–6-flowered echinate heads c. 3–5 mm wide. Capitulum bracts ovate-acuminate, aristate, to 2 mm long, ±scarious. Tepals ±unequal, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, subaristate, greenish, sometimes suffused reddish, smooth; outer tepals shorter, 2.4–2.8 mm long; inner tepals c. 2.7–3.5 mm long, margins narrow, paler green or purplish. Stamens 6, rarely 3–5; anthers c. 0.8–0.9 mm long; filaments c. 0.3 mm long, flat; style not easy to distinguish from distal part of capsule, to c. 0.5 mm long; stigmas c. 1.0 mm long. Capsule trigonous, unilocular, narrowly prismatic-pyramidal, elongated, to c. 4.5–5.5 mm long, much exceeding perianth, very gradually narrowing into style, pale brown. Seeds 0.6–0.7 mm long, pale brown, faintly reticulate; appendages absent.